You often heard of these words “milk
allergy”, but do you really know what is it all about, including
its causes, symptoms, prevention methods and treatments? What if
you just realize that your child is allergic to milk?
What should you do then? Now, let us get to know more about milk
Milk allergy is a type of food allergy in which our body could
not accept the protein in the cow’s milk or animal’s milk. Our
immune system reacts against these proteins and see these
proteins as an antigen, thus triggering the production of an
allergic antibody. Milk allergy also has the potential to cause
life-threatening condition, known as anaphylaxis. Sometimes,
lactose intolerance is mistaken for milk allergy although they
are actually two different conditions as a person with lactose
intolerance faces difficulty in breaking down the sugar in milk
for proper digestion due to the absent of the responsible
All the symptoms of milk allergy can be classified into three
major symptoms as follows:
Type 1: The symptoms start right after the consumption of cow’s
This reaction affects the skin, causing skin rashes, eczema and
Type 2: The symptoms start after a few hours after the
consumption of cow’s milk. It affects the gastrointestinal tract
and causes symptoms like diarrhea and vomiting.
Type 3: The symptoms usually start after twenty hours after the
consumption of cow’s milk. The most common symptom is diarrhea.
How can individuals with milk allergy prevent it then? The best
way to prevent milk allergy is by avoiding foods that contain
“Hmmm...it’s easy to say to avoid foods containing dairy
products. Then, what else should individuals with milk allergy
eat?” This is one of the popular questions that might arise in
Well, one should not be too worried as nowadays, there are many
commercial foods, such as rice milk, soy milk, oat milk, coconut
milk and almond milk, that can be used as a substitute to cow’s
milk. However, it is very important for the allergic individuals
to find other sources of calcium in order to prevent calcium
deficiency and osteoporosis. Besides that, they can also take
fruit juices as an alternative source that supplements calcium.
In cases of accidental consumption of cow’s milk, one can go for
Epinephrine pen or an Antihistamine, such as Diphenhydramine
(Benadryl), which is frequently prescribed by doctors to treat
accidental cow’s milk consumption.
Therefore, it is very important for the milk allergic
individuals to be extra careful on the food they consume. The
best way is to always check on the food label for ingredients
used before consuming it. At the same time, one
should not forget to take calcium supplements in diet in order
to stay healthy.