A New Revolution In Oral Care   



A New Revolution In Oral Care

 
Periodontal disease: It's not just a mouth problem

As the most common cause or tooth loss in adults, periodontal disease-the breakdown of tissues that support and attach the teeth-is a major threat to oral health. But that's not all.

Studies have shown that periodontal disease. Including gingivitis and periodontitis, can adversely affect organs outside the mouth, leading to serious health complications (eg, heart and lung problems).

While maintaining good oral hygiene by brushing, flossing and visiting the dentist regularly helps maintain healthy gums and teeth, hyaluronic acid is another key means of keeping periodontal disease at bay and ensuring that a healthy smile lasts a lifetime.

Hyaluronic acid for healthier gums

Hyaluronic acid is a biological substance with excellent water-holding capacity found largely in your body's connective tissues of the skin and oral cavity, vitreous humor of the eye and synovial fluid that surrounds the joints. Hyaluronic acid makes up about 40% of the extracellular matrix, binding to protein fibres such as collagen and elastin to provide tissue stability and elasticity.

In the oral cavity, hyaluronic acid is a vital substance in maintaining the health of connective tissue, which binds and holds together the tissues surrounding the teeth, keeping the teeth intact. Hyaluronic acid also acts as a physical barrier to microorganisms and other toxins that are likely to contribute to the development of periodontal disease. 

Breakdown of hyaluronic acid

Hyaluronic acid, along with other protein fibres in connective tissue, is damaged by hyaluronidase and proteinases, enzymes released by plaque bacteria when oral hygiene is poor. This weakens the connective tissue, thereby increasing its permeability and the permeability of the capillaries supplying it. If this happens, toxins and bacteria can permeate the tissue easily, causing inflammation of the gums, or gingivitis.

In gingivitis, the gums become red, swollen and bleed easily. When gingivitis is not treated, it can progress to inflammation of the tooth, or periodontitis. In periodontitis, the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth in place are severely degraded, leading to long-lasting periodontal damage and, ultimately, tooth loss. 

Brush away

It's time to pick up that toothbrush and use it regularly. New studies indicate that people who have poor oral hygiene are more at risk of heart disease.

Analysing their lifestyle patterns and taking into consideration other risk factors, such as smoking and physical activity, the results showed that those who skipped brushing their teeth twice a day had a 70% additional risk of heart disease. Individuals with gum disease are more likely to develop heart disease because inflammation in the body, including mouth and gums, plays an important role in the build-up of clogged arteries.

Future experimental studies will be needed to confirm whether the observed association between oral health behaviour and cardio vascular disease is in fact causal or merely a risk marker. 

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Happy reading,
Evelyn


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